Pages Navigation Menu


2014 – J. Haydn The Creation

2014 – J. Haydn The Creation

As part of Subscription No. 10 Symphonic Dimension, on 11 May 2014 The Confession of Prometheus concert was held, where the Academic Symphony Orchestra of the National Philharmonic of Ukraine performed The Creation oratorio by Joseph Haydn. It was conducted by the National Artist of Ukraine, winner of the Taras Shevchenko National Prize of Ukraine, Mykola Diadiura.

The Credo Chamber Choir, the winner of international contests, also participated in the concert. Artistic Director of the choir is the Honoured Art Worker of Ukraine, Bogdan Plish.

The soloists: the Honoured Artist of Ukraine Liliya Grevtsova (soprano, Gabriel), winners of international contests Ivanna Plish (soprano, Eve), Olexander Chuvpylo (tenor, Uriel), Olexander Boyko (baritone, Raphael) and Taras Berezhansky (bass, Adam).

Joseph Haydn wrote The Creation oratorio in 1798 at the age of 65. The idea of ​​The Creation emerged during his stay in London, where he was invited by Johann Peter Salomon, a British violinist and conductor. Salomon gave Haydn the text by an unknown poet Leadley based on the poem Paradise Lost. In winter, Joseph Haydn returned home to his dwelling among gardens in the Vienna suburbs and began composing The Creation oratorio. He used only the seventh chapter of the poem Paradise Lost, which contains the text from the Bible.

Haydn told that while working on The Creation he often prayed to God on his knees, asking for the power to create the oratorio. God heard his prayers — in the spring of 1798, at the palace of Prince Joseph Schwarzenberg.

A year later, the oratorio was first performed to the public in the court theatre. A large number of people wanted to listen to The Creation, they hustled round the entrance and many people had their clothes torn and a child was nearly killed.

The Viennese were so unaccustomed to hearing an oratorio in the German language, that it was immediately translated into Italian. The Creation oratorio, consisting of 34 movements (in three parts), was performed by a large orchestra including three flutes, three trombones and a contrafagott. The composition also conveys gratitude to God, amazement at the diversity of the world, glorification of the universe, as well as colourful pictures of nature.

The Creation, as in the Bible, begins with Chaos: a lingering wandering orchestra with chromatic harmonies suddenly gives way to Raphael’s recitative accompanied by the orchestra, accurately imitating the sounds of animals, and ends with the words “Let there be light”. In the final of The Creation the duet of Adam and Eve shows the quiet happiness and unity of spouses in this beautiful world.